What Are the Consequences of a TNT Explosion?

TNT, short for trinitrotoluene, was first synthesized by the German chemist Julius Wilbrand in 1863.

25/09/2023 - 14:09
Source: Sarbaz.kz
Source: Sarbaz.kz

In this Sarbaz.kz article, we will discuss the impact of TNT on human health, the consequences of an explosion, and its use in explosive devices.

TNT became the primary explosive used in munitions. It is less sensitive to friction and heat compared to many other explosives, such as dynamite. This property makes TNT convenient for the production of munitions, as it can easily be molded into the required shape through casting.

Trinitrotoluene (TNT) is one of the most common brisant explosives. It was first synthesised in 1863 by the German chemist Julius Wilbrand. Since 1902, the German and American armies started using TNT-filled munitions instead of picric acid. In Russia, industrial production of TNT began in 1909, following German technology.

The results of an explosion with various amounts of TNT are as follows:

  • 5 grams: Finger loss and concussion. A charge of this size can cut through relatively thin cables and disrupt device operation when placed between components.
  • 15 grams: Detachment of the hand, rupture of eardrums. Serious damage to equipment.
  • 50 grams: Severed hands, abdominal, neck, and head injuries. Complete destruction of mechanisms.
  • 100 grams: Close-range explosion results in body dismemberment. When placed under the bottom of a light, unprotected vehicle, it causes severe concussion and disability.
  • 500 grams: Destroys any mechanism or communication system when placed inside or underneath. Annihilates all life in a confined space. When placed under an object, it collapses brick or concrete walls.
  • 2 kg: Destroys heavy equipment such as trucks, locomotives, tractors, etc.
  • 5 kg: A charge of this mass can penetrate the bottom of a tank.
  • 10 kg: Destroys virtually any machinery or equipment. Completely destroys small buildings.
  • 50 kg: Destroys large buildings. Causes significant damage to bridges, railway tunnels, etc.

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